Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, at 301 Pine Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, preserves the home of Tadeusz (Thaddeus) Kościuszko. The life and work of the Polish patriot and hero of the American Revolution are commemorated here.
Kosciuszko returned to the United States to a hero's welcome after his wounding,
capture, imprisonment, and banishment from his native Poland occupied by Russia, in
1796. Kosciuszko's secretary, Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, having been instructed to find
"a dwelling as small, as remote, and as cheap" as possible, chose Mrs. Ann Relf's boarding
house at the corner of 3rd and Pine Streets in Society Hill. Here, where Kosciuszko
recuperated from his wounds while rarely leaving the house, he was visited by numerous
luminaries of the day, including Vice President Thomas Jefferson, architect Benjamin
Latrobe, William Paterson (a signer of the US Constitution), Chief Little Turtle of the Miami
people, and Chief Joseph Brant of the Mohawk nation.
The home was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 18, 1970.
The National Memorial was authorized on October 21, 1972. It is administered under the
Independence National Historical Park but is counted as a separate unit of the National
Park System. At 0.02 acres (0.0081 ha) 0.02 acre (80 m²), the memorial is America's
smallest national park or unit of the National Park System. Thaddeus Kosciuszko
The site is currently open for touring, Saturday and Sunday, noon to 4 pm. No fees, tickets, House in May 1972,
or reservations are required to visit this site. prior to restoration
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